Thyroid panel – This test evaluates thyroid function and detects functioning of thyroid gland: hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Thyroid hormones regulates body metabolism and can affect body weight, mood swings, fertility. Hypothyroidism is when thyroid gland do not produce enough hormones. When there is excess production of thyroid hormones, causes hyperthyroidism.
Hypo and hyperthyroidism can also occur due to autoimmune antibodies to thyroid. They do not produce any visible symptoms like enlargement of thyroid gland as with other cases of thyroiditis. Autoimmune thyroiditis can be detected by thyroid antibodies test.
Why do I need Thyroid tests?
- Unintentional weight gain or weight lose
- Lack of concentration
- Feeling cold/ Increase in sweat
- Decreased/ Increased bowel movements
- Swelling in goitre
Lipid profile – Tests for triglycerides, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL). Also known as cholesterol test. Increased levels of bad cholesterol results increased risk of getting heart attack, stroke etc. People who are obese, have family history of heart disease, chain smokers are risk of high cholesterol.
Why do I need Lipid profile tests?
- Overconsumption of red meat and fried foods
- Family history of high cholesterol
- Cigarette smoker
- Inactive lifestyle
Liver function tests – “Commonly used tests to check liver function are alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, and bilirubin tests. The ALT and AST tests measure enzymes that your liver releases in response to damage or disease. The albumin and bilirubin tests measure how well the liver creates albumin, a protein, and how well it disposes of bilirubin, a waste product of the blood”.
Why do I need Liver function tests?
- If you are alcoholic and take more than 14 units per week
- Prone to severe hepatitis infections
- Autoimmune problems
- Overuse of painkiller medicines